In an effort to promote safer roads in the country, the Department of Transportation (DOTr), the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), and the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) convened yesterday and launched a Joint Memorandum Circular (JMC) on the classification of roads for speed limit setting. Entitled JMC ‎‎2018-001, the order will provide guidelines on speed limit setting and will likewise create coordination mechanisms for the setting of speed limits on national roads. The JMC was created to strengthen the implementation of Republic Act 4136 or the Land Transportation and Traffic Code. Section 35 of the Code states that motorists driving on a highway shall do so at a “careful and prudent speed” so as not to “endanger the life, limb, and property of any person.” Further, it states that no person shall drive at a speed greater than what is allowed, reasonable, and will permit him to bring the vehicle to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead. With the JMC, both national and local governments are enabled to work hand in hand in enforcing speed limits. Under Section 38 of the Traffic Code, Local Government Units (LGUs) are mandated to classify roads within their jurisdiction and effectively set speed limits. LGUs are also mandated under the Local Government Code to regulate streets and bridges within their jurisdiction.

With the JMC, both national and local governments are enabled to work hand in hand in enforcing speed limits. Under Section 38 of the Traffic Code, Local Government Units (LGUs) are mandated to classify roads within their jurisdiction and effectively set speed limits. LGUs are also mandated under the Local Government Code to regulate streets and bridges within their jurisdiction. Present during the launch of the JMC were representatives from the World Health Organization (WHO), League of Municipalities of the Philippines, and the League of Cities of the Philippines. Road safety and public policy advocacy groups such as ImagineLaw and Dakila were also in attendance

Present during the launch of the JMC were representatives from the World Health Organization (WHO), League of Municipalities of the Philippines, and the League of Cities of the Philippines. Road safety and public policy advocacy groups such as ImagineLaw and Dakila were also in attendance

Speed and Road Crashes
A WHO study revealed that speed is the most significant contributor to road crash fatalities. It was found to increases both the risk of a crash happening, and the severity of the resulting injuries. According to the WHO, just one kilometer per hour increase in one’s speed increases the risk of injury by at least 3% and the risk of a fatality by 4-5%. Further, studies have shown that speed is the primary cause in 30% of fatal road crashes and an aggravating factor in about 50% of fatal road crashes. Studies also indicate that speed limit setting and enforcement is considered one of the most efficient and cost-effective measures to reduce the number of fatal road crashes.

According to the WHO, just one kilometer per hour increase in one’s speed increases the risk of injury by at least 3% and the risk of a fatality by 4-5%. Further, studies have shown that speed is the primary cause in 30% of fatal road crashes and an aggravating factor in about 50% of fatal road crashes. Studies also indicate that speed limit setting and enforcement is considered one of the most efficient and cost-effective measures to reduce the number of fatal road crashes. In response to this, the DOTr partnered with the World Bank to develop a system for road crash data collection.

In response to this, the DOTr partnered with the World Bank to develop a system for road crash data collection. The Data for Road Incident Visualization Evaluation and Reporting (DRIVER) system is a web application that is designed to view, collect, and analyze road incident data in the Philippines, particularly traffic incidents, disruptions, and crimes. The application provides data viewing and entry tools such as graph and map interfaces, custom report and filter tools, multiple concurrent user editing, and data exports.

This web-based platform will not only facilitate gathering of data but will also allow for better allocation of resources as it comes with data visualization tools. It may be accessed by going to http://roadsafety.gov.ph.

by Anjo Perez
From: Government Convenes to Reclassify Roads for Speed Limit Setting